Contact Us At

Volunteer Info
June 1-5, 2015
Field Work

Public Meeting
June 5, 2015

Link to
Facebook Page

Property Owner Rights


The Great Settlement
Perhaps the largest Native American
Archeological Site in the U.S. & Canada

Located in Arkansas City, Kansas
About 1 hour South of Wichita
In South Central Kansas

Dr. Donald Blakeslee, Professor of Anthropology at Wichita State University, will be conducting extensive Archeological Field Work from June 1 - 5, 2015, in the Lower Walnut River area just east of Arkansas City, KS, the presumed site of ETZANOA. One of central goals for the Field Work will be to finally prove what everyone knows, that the Lower Walnut River near Arkansas City is indeed the site of THE GREAT SETTLEMENT OF ETZANOA, reported by the Juan de Oñate Expedition in 1601.

If you would like to volunteer for the June 1 - 5, 2015, Field Work, please click on the link to the left for detailed Volunteer Information.

Dr. Blakeslee brings with him a very sophisticated Mobile Archeology Lab and a team of highly regarded Archeology Professionals using noninvasive sensing equipment (i.e. ground penetrating radar and magnetometers) to begin the process of "mapping" Etzanoa so that he can prove to Academia and the Archeological Community that Arkansas City is indeed the exact location of Etzanoa.

Thanks to Dr. Blakeslee, the V. J. Wilkins Trust, the City of Arkansas City and the Historical Society, there will be a TV Production Crew in Arkansas City during the June 1 - 5 Field Work. The crew will produce a program about ETZANOA and the Archeaological Field Work for later broadcast on the ARCHAEOLOGY CHANNEL.


In 1601, Juan de Oñate, the Spaniard that founded Santa Fe NM, discovered the Great Native American Settlement of what he called "Etzanoa" during an expedition north & east from Santa Fe into Texas, Oklahoma & Kansas. The exact location of Etzanoa has been debated for years with Ark City being among the likely locations. Thanks to known archeological evidence and new information from Oñate expedition researchers, Dr. Donald Blakeslee, Wichita State University Professor of Anthropology, is certain that Etzanoa was indeed located in Arkansas City, primarily on the East side of town along the Walnut from the confluence of the Arkansas and Walnut Rivers stretching north approximately 5 miles. It's well accepted by archeologists that the descendants of Etzanoans are the Wichita Tribe.

If Etzanoa is as large (approximately 20,000 residents living in about 2,000 large, dome-shaped, grass-covered dwellings) as the documents from the Oñate expedition portray, then Etzanoa will be at least the 2nd largest Native American Archeological site in the US & Canada. The extraordinary size of the "Great Settlement" described by Oñate would be of huge interest to Archaeologists and Archeology buffs throughout the US and the World. Only a complete Archaeological Mapping of the site will determine its true size.

In Dr. Blakeslee's opinion, Etzanoa could eventually qualify for the prestigious designations of "National Historic Landmark" and "World Heritage Site", the latter bestowed by UNESCO.